Electrical networks are essential for linking energy generation and consumption. Recent development has meant that they have become more complex and secure, as they transmit highly sensitive information. Moreover, in order to handle increasing competition from emerging markets, the cost of these facilities must be optimized while at the same time, maintaining the highest quality of service.
One of the important challenges facing this sector is integrating the “smart grid” concept at all levels of energy generation, transport, and distribution. It requires new tools for predicting consumption and supporting dispatch. Additionally, installing industrial or domestic smart-meters by incorporating cyber-security measures and developments according to communication standards, particularly with regard to IEC61850, must be taken into consideration.
There remain other issues that highlight the need for suitably adapted grids and illustrate the growth of this sector, notably the following –
The long distances between generation and consumption sites in Africa, The US, Russia and China; offshore wind and submarine power cable projects; the development of better inter-country electrical connections; and the providing of a constant source of energy for islands.
IKOS is involved in developing such solutions and participates in numerous projects, including those involving high voltage, auxiliary, protections, control systems, telecommunications, and more.